Thursday, 14 June 2012

Entry: probity (n.)

In context: "Except for the SOUTHAF flurry and INDPAK boner, 11/8's game proceeds with much probity and cold deliberation, with even more pauses and hushed, chin-stroking conferences than tend to be the norm."

Definition: The quality or condition of having strong moral principles; integrity, good character; honesty, decency.

Other: A very rich etymological entry: < Middle French probité strict honesty, integrity, rectitude, decency (1429–30; French probité ) and its etymon classical Latin probitāt-, probitās moral integrity, uprightness, honesty, decency, goodness, excellence < probus good, excellent, upright, honest, virtuous, modest (see note) + -tās (see -ty suffix1; compare -ity suffix). Compare Catalan probitat (1391), Spanish probidad (1385 as probidat), Italian probità (a1308).

Classical Latin probus is cognate with Paelignian pros and Umbrian prufe (adverb) < the Indo-European base of classical Latin prō (see pro n.1) + the Indo-European base of classical Latin fuisse to have been (see be v.; the same ending is seen in classical Latin superbus superb adj.); the original sense would have been ‘growing’ or ‘progressing well’; compare Sanskrit pra-bhu powerful; the Italic and Sanskrit words may derive < the same Indo-European base.


SNOOT score: 3
 
Page: 328

Source: Oxford English Dictionary   


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